The shoulder joint is made up of the humerus and the glenoid fossa. There are several muscles that surround this joint and affect the way that the joint moves. Frozen shoulder is the term used to describe what happens when the shoulder is unable to move. Frozen shoulder can be a result:
- A result from trauma, either previous surgeries or injuries that did not heal properly
- A result of overuse
- No specific cause for the pain and stiffness
- Inability to move the shoulder in any and all directions
Your physician will evaluate your injury by taking a complete medical history, including mechanism of injury, prior injuries and symptoms. Your physician will perform a complete physical examination of your shoulder. Your physician may then recommend an arthogram or a MRI.
- Physical Therapy – a physical therapist will work with the individual to perform a series of exercises to help your shoulder achieve range of motion
- Use ice for 20 minutes on with 40 minutes off throughout the day
- Take an anti-inflammatory or pain medication as prescribed by your physician
- An injection of a corticosteroid to reduce inflammation
If you do not respond to treatment, surgery is an option:
While under anesthesia, the surgeon will manipulate your shoulder in various directions to break up the scar tissue or any adhesions. The doctor may also recommend arthroscopic surgery if they see a buildup of scar tissue or some other cause for your frozen shoulder.
If you injure your shoulder, make sure you continue to work on range of motion.